HUMANITIES SCIENCE POLITICS
Science, People & Politics, Issue Four October - December, 2015. ISSN 1751-598X (online)
immediately sign the Paris Agreement. Those parties to the UNFCCC who do not sign the Paris Agreement may be observers at working meetings.
The first meeting of delegates overseeing the Paris Agreement, who might not initially be the representative of all UNFCCC members, is to take place in conjunction
with the first ordinary COP taking place after entry into force of the Paris Agreement. See Article 16 (6).
Delegates to the first "Paris-related working group" are to "consider and adopt the initial institutional arrangements for capacity building". By capacity the Agreement seems to
mean anything from education and public engagement (See Article 12 of the Paris Agreement), to technology, information and financial mechanisms that will help a country respond
effectively to climate change.
The Agreement encourages beefed up and more transparent communication nationally and internationally of balanced mitigation and adaptation efforts, acknowledges the mismatch in
greenhouse gas emission reduction currently existing between aspiration and reality, clarifies investigative needs, and strengthens administration of the evolving efforts to control
Article 13, for example, is all about enhancing transparency to build trust and confidence among countries with different capacities, and it establishes what it calls in its first
subsection a framework for action and support, building on collective experience. Maximum flexibility in application of this article is called for by the Agreement. Current
transparency arrangements include national communications, biennial reports and updates, international assessments etc..., and they are to be drawn on for implementation of
Specifically, the Paris Agreement calls in subsection 7 of Article 13 on countries to work with good practice guidelines from the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
to inventory anthropogenic emissions by source, and sinks. Countries must also make public what they can to enable tracking of implementation of their work to meet GHG emission
Food production must be protected as low emissions of GHGs are achieved, and, says article 2 (c), financial instruments need to be compatible with lowering GHG emissions and enhancing
climate-change resilience. In particular, says article 9 (9), simplified approval procedures are needed for financing projects enhancing the readiness of the least developed countries
and small island developing states to meet the consequences of climate change. These articles and subsections build on UN work in July 2015, focusing on related financial issues.
http://www.un.org/esa/ffd/ffd3/wp-content/uploads/sites/2/2015/07/Addis-Ababa-Action-Agenda-Draft-Outcome-Document-7-July-2015.pdfAccessed 2nd February, 2016.
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Science, People & Politics issn:1751-598x (online)©.
The story starts on the contents' page, and runs through to the inside back page.
Publication 3rd February, 2015